This page gathers together quick glosses and relevant information for terms regularly used in posts.

brasiliense
Of or from Brasília. See also candango.
caipira
Term for the rural folk who inhabit the interior of São Paulo state, and south and western Minas Gerais. Their speech is considered stereotypically “yokelish.” The classic description of caipira is Amaral 1920. See also Bortoni-Ricardo 1985, Couto 1998 and other references at my bibliography caipira page.
candango
Of or from Brasília. The term was originally for the migrant workers who came to the Federal District to build Brasília and I am uncertain as to the extent of its reference in comparison with brasiliense. I suspect it may be class issue.
carioca
Of or from Rio de Janiero city. See also fluminense.
favela
The Brazilian term for the shanty towns and slums surrounding, or within, most cities.
fluminense
Of or from the interior of Rio de Janiero state. In contrast to the paulista/paulistano distinction, cariocas are not fluminense.
interior
Term for rest of a Brazilian state other than the capital.
invasão (pl. invasões)
Illegal land development, particularly in the Federal District.
Minas Gerais (MG)
A large state in central Brazil, north and east of São Paulo state, and east of the Federal District. Its inhabitants are called mineiros (“miners”). It is mineiro migrants to the Federal District, and their children, who will be my informant base. The choice of Minas Gerais as the state-of-origin is partly due to certain notable linguistic features of mineiro dialects, and partly due to allow comparison with a major prior study on dialect contact in the Federal District that draws on mineiro (specifically, caipira) immigrants (Bortoni-Ricardo 1985).
mineiro
Lit. “miner.” Of or from Minas Gerais.
patoense
Of or from Patos de Minas in Minas Gerais (cf patureba).
patureba
A derogatory term for someone from city of Patos de Minas in Minas Gerais (cf patoense).
paulista
Of or from the state of São Paulo.
paulistano
Of or from São Paulo city. Unlike the carioca/fluminense distinction, paulistanos are also paulistas (but not necessarily vice versa).
triângulo mineiro
Lit., “mineiro triangle.” An informal term for the western of the state of Minas Gerais.